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  • Allah Daya Gari Bambam
  • Sauke nauyin da ke bisa wuyan “iyali mafi nagarta na kasar Sin” ta hanyar yada wakar Daben ta gargajiya

    Mawakin gargajiya Zhao Piding, fitacce ne a birnin Dali dake lardin Yunnan na kudu maso yammacin kasar Sin. An shafe shekaru da dama Zhao na jajircewa wajen gado da inganta fasahar gargajiya ta wakar Daben ta kabilar Bai. Bisa kwarin gwiwar da suka samu daga Zhao, zuri’a 3 ta iyalansa, sun kafa wata tashar rediyo da wajen horar da wakar Daben da tawagar masu wake-wake, domin yayata wakar.

    An haifi Zhao Piding dake tinkarar shekaru 80, a kauyen Zuoyi na garin Xizhou, dake birnin Dali. Danginsa, ciki har da kakannin kakanninsa, sun yi fice wajen rera wakar Daben a garinsu. Iyayensa da ‘yan uwansa maza ma sun kware wajen rera wakar da amfani da kayayyakin waka na gargajiya. Tun Zhao yana karami, ya yanke shawarar zama mawaki kamar iyayensa da yayunsa.

    A yayin da yake da shekaru 15, Zhao ya taba rera waka a dandalin kauyensu, inda ya rera salon wakar Daben ta gargajiya ta Liang Zhu wanda ke nufin soyayyar malam bude littafi. Kokarin da ya yi, ya samu yabo sosai. A shekarar 1974, wani kauye dake garin Xizhou, ya gayyaci Zhao, domin rera wakar Daben kai tsaye gaban jama’a. Wannan wasa ya sa Zhao ya yi fice a Xizhou. A sakamakon haka, ya fara wasa akai-akai a matsayin fitaccen mawakin kabilar Bai daga Dali.

    Ba sana’a kadai wakar Daben ta samarwa Zhao ba, har ma da soyayya. A lokacin da yake cikin shekaru 20, ya hadu da wata mata, ita ma ‘yar kabilar Bai, yayin wata wasa da ya yi a gari Xizhou. Zhao ya hadu da matar ne a lokacin da gajeren hutu na wasa. Ita ma tana wakar Daben. Su biyun, sun rera wakar tare. Zhao ya fara son matar, wato Zhao Lihui, wadda daga baya ta zama matarsa.

    Sun yi aure a karshen shekarar 1966. Suna da ‘yan mata 4 da yaro 1. Zhao Piding na rayuwa ne kan wakar Daben.

    Tun Zhao yana da shekaru 3 a duniya yake da matsalar a kafarsa ta hagu. Lamarin dake ba shi wahalar tafiya. A don haka, Zhao Lihui ce ke kula da iyalin. Musammam a lokacin da yaransu ke kanana, Zhao Lihui ce ke kula da yaran 5. Kuma ita ce ke kula da ayyukan gida. Zhao Lihui, wadda ita ma ke son wakar Daben, ta koyawa ‘yayanta rawa da rera wakar a lokacin da suke kanana.

    Saboda tasirin iyayensu, 4 daga cikin yaran, sun zama mawakan gargajiya. Kuma kowannensu ya iya rera wakar Daben sosai. ‘Yarsu ta 2 wato Zhao Dongmei, ta fara rera waka ne tare da mahaifinta a lokacin da take shekaru 11. Zhao Fukun, wanda shi kadai ne namiji, ya bar aikin da yake yi a wajen garinsu, ya koma gida domin taimakawa mahaifinsa raya al’adar gargajiyar ta kabilar Bai.

    Cikin shekaru 50 da suka gabata, ‘ya’yan Zhao Piding da jikokinsa, sun sake tsara fasalin wakar Daben zuwa raye-raye da wasannin kwaikwayo karkashin jagorancinsa, abun da ya inganta hanyar gabatar da al’adar ta gargajiya.

    Zhao Piding ya yi fice a kauyen saboda kirkinsa. A lokacin da Shugaba Xi Jinping ya ziyarci lardin Yunnan a shekarar 2015, ya yi kira ga al’ummar Yunnan da su kare muhallin tafkin Erhai.

    Domin karfafa gwiwar al’ummar kabilar Bai taimakawa kare tafkin Erhai, Zhao Piding da ‘ya’yansa sun hada wakoki da dama. Sun yi amfani da fasahar wakar Daben wajen wayar da kan al’umma kan kare muhalli. Dukkan ‘ya’yansa sun goya masa baya a kokarinsa na yin kyawawan ayyuka a kauyensu.

    A lokutan da ba su da aiki, Zhao Piding da ‘ya’yansa kan gudanar da wasa kyauta, domin taimakawa mutanen kabilar Bai fahimtar matakai da dabarun kare muhalli ta hanyar sauraron wakoki.

    A cewar Zhao Fukun, “babana ya sadaukar da kanshi wajen kare tafkin Erhai, kuma yana amfani da sabbin waken Daben, a matsayin dabarar yada muhimmancin kare tafkin”.

    Iyalin Zhao sun kirkiro wani shirin wasan fasaha mai suna “Hua Shang Hua” wato “Fure a kan Fure”. Zhao Fukun na rubuta wasannin kwaikwayo. ‘Yan uwansa mata biyu kuma, suke fitowa a wasannin yayin da shi kuma yake kula da ayyukan bayan dandali. Daya uwar tasa kuma kan bada hidimar samar da cimaka.

    Daga cikin ‘yan uwan 5, Zhao Fukun da ‘yar uwarsa ta biyu na da kantuna a Dali. Idan iyalinsu na wasa, su biyun kan rufe shagunansu su koma kauye don a yi tare da su. Wani ya taba yi wa Zhao Fukun tambaya cewa, kana da kanti kuma kasuwancinka na tafiya da kyau. Me ya sa wata rana kake rufewa don gudanar da wasa kyauta? Meye amfanin hakan? Zhao Fukun ya amsa da cewa: “zan iya samun kudi daga baya. Amma na yi imani da furucin mahaifina cewa, idan za mu iya kare tafkin Erhai da kyau, za mu iya jan hankalin karin masu ziyartar Dali, kuma a sannan, dukkanmu za mu fi kyautata kasuwancinmu cikin lokaci mai tsawo. Kare tafkin Erhai, na nufin kare kanmu da ‘ya’yanmu.”

    A yanzu, Zhao Piding na yawan amfani da kujerar kuragu yayin da iyalinsa ke wasan rera wakar Daben. Ya kafa misali ga matasan garinsu, kuma ya taimakawa wasu raya fasahohin gargajiya da al’adu.

    A baki dayan shekarar da ta gabata, a matsayinsu na wadanda aka karrama a matsayin “iyali mafi nagarta na kasa” sun shiga an dama da su a yakin da al’ummar Sinawa suka yi da cutar COVID-19. Zhao Piding ya ce,“na ga likitoci da dama da ma’aikatan jinya da ‘yan sanda da masu aikin sa kai, suna sadaukar da kansu wajen kula da lafiyar mutanenmu. Bayan na lura wasu mutanen kauyenmu ba su da wayewa da ilimin kandagarkin cutar, sai na yi tunanin dole in yi wani abu domin taimaka musu.”

    Ya kalli shirye-shiryen talabijin da sauraron na rediyo, domin koyon dabaru da matakan kiwon lafiya da gwamnatin kasar Sin ta gabatar. Sai ya tattara bayanai masu muhimmanci, ya mayar da su wakoki da nufin wayar da kan jama’a kan matakan kandagarkin cuta da hanyoyin kare lafiya.

    Da taimakon ‘ya’yansa, Zhao Piding ya tsara wakokin Daben 3 ga al’ummar Bai dake garinsu domin taimaka musu fahimtar dabaru da matakan kiwon lafiya. A lokacin da ake tsaka da yaki da annobar COVID-19, Iyalin Zhao, sun kara sabon kuzari wajen gado da raya wakar Daben ta ‘yan kabilar Bai.

    Masu sauraro, yanzu kuma bari mu shakata kadan, daga baya kuma za mu shiga sashen “Akushin Sinawa”, inda Madam Fatimah Jibril za ta koya muku yadda za a dafa wani nau’in abincin Sinawa. Kafin mu je ga bude wannan Akushi, ‘yan uwana mata masu sauraronmu da ma masu sha’awar girke girken Sinawa, sai ku nemi takarda da alkalami domin ku samu damar rubuta abubuwan da zasu fada, domin kuwa a yau za ku koyi yadda ake dafa “cinyen kaji da aka yi cikin kori” ne.

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  • Saifullahi Aminu Bello: Ina alfahari da jami’ar Xiamen mai tarihin shekaru 100!

    Kwanan nan ne, jami’ar Xiamen a birnin Xiamen na lardin Fujian dake kudu maso gabashin kasar Sin ta yi bikin cika shekaru dari da kafuwa, inda shugaban kasar Sin Xi Jinping ma ya aike da sakon taya ta murna.

    A sakonsa, shugaba Xi ya ce, jami’ar Xiamen, jami’a ce mai nagartacciyar al’ada. Tun kafuwar ta zuwa yanzu, bisa jagorancin akidun Tan Kah Kee, wato shahararren mai kishin kasa wanda ya kafa makarantar, jami’ar Xiamen ta himmatu wajen samar da ilimi ga mutane masu tarin yawa, wadda ta bayar da babbar gudummawa wajen gina kasa, da kyautata rayuwar al’umma gami da tallata al’adun kasar Sin zuwa kasashen ketare.

    Har wa yau, bana ake cika shekaru 100 da kafa jam’iyya mai mulki a kasar Sin, wato jam’iyyar kwaminis ta kasar. Wato, bana, jam’iyyar kwaminis da jami’ar Xiamen suke bikin murnar cika shekaru 100 da kafuwa.

    A daidai wannan lokaci, Murtala Zhang ya zanta da daya daga cikin daliban Najeriya da suke karatu a jami’ar Xiamen, malam Saifullahi Aminu Bello, dan jihar Kano wanda ke karatun digiri na uku a fannin na'ura mai kwakwalwa a jami’ar. Ya bayyana farin cikin sa sosai ga cikar jami’arsa shekaru 100 da kafuwa, ya kuma yi tsokaci a kan muhimmiyar rawar da jam’iyyar kwaminis ta kasar Sin ke takawa a fannin raya harkokin kasar.

    Malam Saifullahi Aminu Bello ya kara da cewa, kishin kasa da sadaukarwar da ‘yan jam’iyyar kwaminis ta kasar Sin suke yi, ya burge shi kwarai da gaske.(Murtala Zhang)

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  • An fara yiwa baki ’yan kasashen waje riga kafin COVID-19 a kasar Sin

    Bayanai na nuna cewa, ya zuwa yanzu an yiwa jimillar mutane sama da miliyan 165 rigakafin cutar COVID-19 a wurare daban daban na kasar Sin, wannan adadin shi ne na biyu na yawan rigakafin da aka gudanar a duk duniya.

    Baya ga rigakafin da ake yiwa jama’a cikin har da baki ’yan kasashen waje wadanda suka hada da ma’aikata da ’yan makaranta da sauransu, kasar Sin tana ci gaba da ba da gudummawar alluran rigakafi ga kasashe, musamman kasashe masu tasowa, lamarin dake tabbatar da alkawarin kasar na ganin riga kafin ta kasance hajar da duniya za ta ci gajiya.

    Kasar Sin tana kuma karfafawa mutane gwiwar karbar alluran riga kafin COVID-19 bisa radin kansu, kuma tana kokarin tabbatar da dukkan mutanen da suka cancanci karbar riga kafin sun samu.

    Jami’in hukumar kula da lafiya ta kasar Sin, Wu Liangyou, ya ce mutanen da suka zarce shekaru 18 na haihuwa, wato wadanda aka fi damawa da su cikin harkokin al’umma ne galibin wadanda suka karbi riga kafin.

    Ya kara da cewa, ba su kadai riga kafin zai ba kariya ba, har da iyalansu, musamman yara da tsoffi.

    Kasar Sin tana gaggauta bada rigakafi tsakanin rukunonin mutane masu muhimmanci, tare da muhimman yankuna da birane. Masana sun jaddada cewa, har yanzu wannan annobar tana addabar wasu sassa na duniya, kuma har yanzu ba a kawar da yiwuwar barazanar shigo da cutar daga kasashen ketare ba.

    Wannan riga kafi dai da ake yiwa baki ’yan kasashen waje, kyau ne. (Fa’iza, Saminu, Ibrahim/Sanusi Chen)

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  • A idanun ‘yan jaridan kasashen waje: An shirya gasar wasannin Olympics na lokacin hunturu ta shekarar 2022

    Koda yake fure na budewa a birnin Beijing, amma a birnin Zhangjiakou dake da nisan kilomita fiye da 200 daga birnin Beijing, wato wuri daya ne da za a gudanar da gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu ta shekarar 2022, ana samun kankara mai taushi a ko ina a birnin. Wasu ‘yan jaridan kasashen waje sun kai ziyara wajen, inda suka iya ganin masu yawon shakatawa da dama suke jin dadin wasan kankara mai taushi.

    A birnin Zhangjiakou, ‘yan jaridan kasashen waje sun kai ziyara a wurare daban daban, kamar kauyen ‘yan wasa masu halartar gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu, da wurin yawon shakatawa na wasan kankara mai taushi na Yunding, da cibiyar wasan gudun kankara mai taushi ta hanyar tsalle daga dandali, da garin wasan kankara na Taizicheng da sauransu, dukkansu sun nuna yabo ga na’urorin wasan kankara da ayyukan shirya gasar da kasar Sin ta yi.

    Dan jarida daga kasar Indiya Anil Pandey ya bayyana cewa, Sin ta shirya gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu sosai, kana ta yi aikin kandagarki cutar COVID-19 mai kyau. Gudanar da gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu ta shekarar 2022 babban batu ne ga kasar Sin, kasar Sin ta gudanar da gasar wasannin Olympics ta shekarar 2008, sake gudanar da gasar wasannin Olympics zai sa kaimi ga daga matsayin kasar Sin a tarihi.

    ‘Yar jarida daga kasar Romania Ioana Gomoi ta bayyana cewa, tana begen zuwan gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu ta shekarar 2022. Yanzu an gama ayyukan shirya gasar da kashi 80 cikin dari a yankin Zhangjiakou. Ta yi imanin cewa, gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu ta shekarar 2022 zai kawo nishadi ga duniya.

    ‘Yar jarida daga kasar Thailand Tiangroojrat Siwattra ta ce, mutanen kasarta ta Thailand suna son wasannin motsa jiki, ciki har da wasan kankara, a shekarar 2018, ‘yan wasan kasar Thailand sun halarci gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu ta Pyeongchang. Sin da Thailand ba su da nisa da juna, ana samun dakunan wasan kankara na zamani a birnin Zhangjiakou na kasar Sin, tace idan an samu dama, ya kamata mutanen kasar Thailand su zo su yi wasan a wurin.

    Dan jarida daga Pakistan Zubair Bashir ya bayyana cewa, yayin da ake yin kokarin tinkarar cutar COVID-19, ana iya shirya gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu, yana da babbar ma’ana sosai. Sin ta farfado da tattalin arzikinta, da samar da alluran rigakafin cutar COVID-19 ga dukkan duniya, hakan an kawo kyakkyawar makoma ga dukkan duniya. Sin tana son gaya wa dukkan mutanen duniya ta hanyar farfado da wasannin motsa jiki cewa, mu iyali daya ne. Kana ya ce, ya kamata a kawar da yunkurin siyasa da samar da hakikanin gudummawa ga duk dan Adam.

    Hoshi Kazuaki wanda ya zo daga kasar Japan wato kasa ce da za ta gudanar da gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin zafi, ya yi kira ga kasa da kasa da su yi hadin gwiwa don jin dadin gasar wasannin Olympics tare. Ya ce, ana bukatar kasa da kasa da su yi hadin gwiwa a gun gasar wasannin Olympics ta Tokyo, kamar shirya gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu ta Beijing, an fi butar a kara yin hadin gwiwa a yayin tinkarar cutar COVID-19. A wannan karo, ya ziyarci birnin Zhangjiakou, ya ga ana gudanar da ayyukan shirya gasar yadda ya kamata, ya yi imani cewa, za a gudanar da gasar cikin nasara idan dukkan duniya za su yi hadin gwiwa da juna.

    Manazarci daga kasar Koriya ta Kudu wanda ya taba shiga aikin shirya gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu ta Pyeongchang Heejeoung Moon ya gano cewa, karin Sinawa suna son wasan kankara da kuma gasar wasannin Olympics ta lokacin hunturu baki daya. (Zainab)

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  • Fasahar noman ganyayyaki ba tare da bukatar gona ba

          

    Aikin gona wani ginshiki ne na al’adun kasar Sin. Tun da can har zuwa yanzu, mutanen kasar suna dora muhimmanci sosai kansa. Lamarin da ya sanya ake samun ci gaba sosai a fannin aikin gona. Inda wata babbar nasarar da aka samu a kasar, ita ce samar da isashen hatsi da abinci, don biyan bukatun al’ummar kasar da yawanta ya kai biliyan 1.4.

    Yau za mu gabatar wa masu sauraronmu daya daga cikin fasahohin noma a zamani ne da ake amfani da su a nan kasar Sin, wadda ita ce fasahar noman ganyayyaki a kan ruwa, maimakon dasa su a kasa ko cikin gonaki.

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